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What is Yoga?

Yoga is essentially a spiritual discipline based on an extremely subtle science which focuses on bringing harmony between mind and body. It is an art and science for healthy living. The word “Yoga” is derived from the Sanskrit root yuj meaning “to join”, “to yoke” or “to unite”. According to Yogic scriptures, the practice of Yoga leads to the union of individual consciousness with universal consciousness.

The Fundamentals of Yoga

Yoga works on the level of one’s body, mind, emotion and energy. This has given rise to four broad classifications of Yoga: Karma Yoga where we utilise the body; Jnāna Yoga where we utilise the mind; Bhakti Yoga where we utilise the emotion and Kriya Yoga where we utilise the energy. Each system of Yoga we practice falls within the gamut of one or more of these categories



Yogic practices for health and wellness

The widely practiced Yoga sadhanas are: Asana & Pranayama,

Pranayama consists of developing awareness of one’s breathing followed by wilful regulation of respiration as the functional or vital basis of one’s existence. It helps in developing awareness of one’s mind and helps to establish control over the mind. In the initial stages, this is done by developing awareness of the “flow of in-breath and out-breath” (svasa-prasvasa) through nostrils, mouth and other body openings, its internal and external pathways and destinations.

Later, this phenomenon is modified, through regulated, controlled and monitored inhalation (svāsa) leading to the awareness of the body space getting filled (puraka), the space(s) remaining in a filled state (kumbhaka) and it is getting emptied (rechaka) during regulated, controlled and monitored exhalation (prasvāsa).

Guiding principles given below while performing Yogic practices:

  1. Sauca means cleanliness – an important prerequisite for Yogic practice. It includes cleanliness of surroundings, body and mind.
  2. Yogic practice should be performed in a calm and quiet atmosphere with a relaxed body and mind.
  3. Yogic practice should be done on an empty stomach or light stomach. Consume small amount of honey in lukewarm water if you feel weak.
  4. Bladder and bowels should be empty before starting Yogic practices.
  5. A mattress, Yoga mat, durries or folded blanket should be used for the practice
  6. Light and comfortable cotton clothes are preferred to facilitate easy movement of the body.
  7. Yoga should not be performed in state of exhaustion, illness, in a hurry or in acute stress conditions.
  8. In case of chronic disease/ pain/ cardiac problems, a physician or a Yoga therapist should be consulted prior to performing Yogic practices.
  9. Yoga experts should be consulted before doing Yogic practices during pregnancy and menstruation.

During the practice

  1. Practice sessions should start with a prayer or invocation as it creates a conducive environment to relax the mind.
  2. Yogic practices shall be performed slowly, in a relaxed manner, with awareness of the body and breath.
  3. Do not hold the breath unless it is specially mentioned to do so during the practice.
  4. Breathing should be always through the nostrils unless instructed otherwise.
  5. Do not hold body tightly or jerk the body at any point of time.
  6. Perform the practices according to your own capacity.
  7. It takes some time to get good results, so persistent and regular practice is very essential.
  8. There are contra-indications/ limitations for each Yoga practice and such contra-indications should always be kept in mind.
  9. Yoga session should end with meditation/ deep silence / Shanti paṭha.

After practice

  1. Bath may be taken only after 20-30 minutes of practice.
  2. Food may be consumed only after 20-30 minutes of practice.

How yoga can help

  1. Yoga is essentially a path to liberation from all bondage. However, medical research in recent years has uncovered many physical and mental benefits that Yoga offers, corroborating the experiences of millions of practitioners. A small sampling of research shows that:
  2. Yoga is beneficial for physical fitness, musculoskeletal functioning and cardio-vascular health.
  3. It is beneficial in the management of diabetes, respiratory disorders, hypertension, hypo-tension and many lifestyle related disorders.
  4. Yoga helps to reduce depression, fatigue, anxiety disorders and stress.
  5. Yoga regulates menopausal symptoms.
  6. In essence, Yoga is a process of creating a body and mind that are stepping-stones, not hurdles, to an exuberant and fulfilling life.

1.Prayer

Yogic Practice shall start with a prayer or prayerful mood to enhance the benefits of practice.

2. Loosening Practices 

The loosening practices help to increase micro-circulation. These practices can be done while standing and sitting.



Neck Bending

Sthiti: Samasthiti (Alert Posture)

Stage – i: (Forward and Backward Bending)

  1. Stand with the feet comfortably apart. Keep the hands straight beside the body. This is Samasthiti. This is also called. Keep your arms on the waist.
  2. While exhaling, move the head forward slowly and try to touch the chin to the chest.
  3. While inhaling, move the head as far back as is comfortable.
  4. This is one round: repeat 2 rounds.

Stage – ii: (Right and Left bending)

  1. While exhaling, bend the head slowly to the right; bring the ear as close as possible to the shoulder without raising the shoulder.
  2. While inhaling, bring the head to normal position.
  3. Similarly, while exhaling, bend the head to the left side. Inhale and bring the head up to normal position.
  4. This is one round: repeat 2 rounds

Stage – iii: (Right and Left Twisting)

  1. Keep the head upright. While exhaling, gently turn the head to the right so that the chin is in line with the shoulder.
  2. While inhaling, bring the head to the normal position.
  3. Similarly, while exhaling, turn the head to the left. Inhale and bring the head to the normal position.
  4. This is one round: repeat 2 rounds.

Stage – iv: Neck Rotation

  1. Exhale; bend the head forward trying to touch the chin to the chest.
  2. Inhale; slowly rotate the head clockwise in a circular motion, exhale while coming down
  3. Do a full rotation. Then rotate the head in anti-clockwise direction.
  4. Inhale; go back and exhale, come down.
  5. This is one round: repeat 2 rounds.

Note

  1. Move the head as far as possible. Do not over strain.
  2. Keep the shoulders relaxed and steady.
  3. Feel the stretch around the neck and loosening up of the joints and muscles of the neck.
  4. Can be practiced sitting in a chair.
  5. People with neck pain can do the practice gently especially when taking the head back to the extent it is comfortable.
  6. Elderly people and persons with cervical spondylitis, high blood pressure may avoid these practices.


Trunk movement

  1. Keep the legs about 2-3 feet apart.
  2. Rise both the arms up to chest level with palms facing each other and keep them parallel.
  3. While exhaling twist the body towards the left side so that the right palm touches the left shoulder, come back with inhalation.
  4. While exhaling twist the body towards the right side so that the left palm touches the right shoulder, come back with inhalation.
  5. This is one round: repeat two more times. Relax in Samasthiti.

Note:

  1. Do slowly with breathing.
  2. Cardiac patients shall do with care.
  3. Avoid this practice in case of severe back pain, vertebral and disc disorders, after abdominal surgery and during menstruation.


Knee movement

  1. Inhale lift your arms up at the shoulder level, palms facing downwards.
  2. Exhale bend the knees and bring down your body to the squatting position.
  3. In the final position both the arms and thighs should be parallel to the ground.
  4. Inhale, and straighten the body.
  5. Exhale while bringing down the hands.
  6. Repeat two more times.

Note:

  1. Strengthen knees’ and hips’ joint.
  2. Avoid this asana in case of acute conditions of arthritics

3. Yogasanas

a. Standing Postures

1. Tadasana (Palm tree posture)

Tāda means palm tree or mountain. This asana teaches one to attain stability and firmness and forms the base for all the standing asana.

Technique

  1. Stand with feet 2 inches apart.
  2. Interlock the fingers and turn the wrist outwards. Now inhale, raise the arms up and bring them in line with the shoulders.
  3. Raise the heels off the floor and balance on the toes. Stay in this position for 10 -15 seconds.
  4. Exhale bring the heels down.
  5. Release the interlock of the fingers and bring the arms down parallel to the trunk and come back to standing posture.

Benefits

  1. This asana brings stability in the body, helps to clear up congestion of the spinal nerves, corrects faulty posture.
  2. Helps to increase height up to a certain age.

A word of caution

Avoid lifting the toes in case of acute cardiac problems varicose veins and vertigo.



II. Vṛkśāsana (the tree posture)

Vṛkśāsana means tree. The final position of this āsana resembles the shape of a tree, hence the name.

Technique

  1. Stand with feet 2 inches apart.
  2. Focus on a point in front.
  3. Exhale bend the right leg and place the foot on the inside of the left thigh. The heel should be touching the perineum.
  4. Inhale and extend the arms up and join the palms.
  5. Stay in the position for 10 to 30 seconds and breathe normally.
  6. Exhale and bring the arms and right foot down.
  7. Relax and repeat the asana by bending the left leg.

Benefits

  1. Improves neuro-muscular coordination, balance, endurance and alertness.
  2. It tones up the leg muscles and rejuvenates the ligaments also.

A word of caution

Please avoid this practice in case of arthritis, vertigo and obesity.



III. Pāda-Hastāsana (The Hands to Feet Posture)

Pāda means feet, hasta means hands. Therefore, Pāda Hastāsana means taking the palms down towards the feet. This is also referred as Uttānāsana.

Technique

  1. Stand straight with feet 2 inches apart.
  2. Inhale slowly and raise the arms up.
  3. Stretch up the body from the waist.
  4. Exhale and bend forward until the trunk is parallel to the ground.
  5. Exhale, and bend forward until the entire palm rests on the ground.
  6. Maintain this final posture for 10-30 seconds.
  7. Those who are having stiff back should bend according to their capacity.
  8. Now inhale, come up slowly to the vertical position and stretch the arms above the head.
  9. Exhale and slowly return to the starting position in reverse order.
  10. Relax in Tādāsana.

Benefits

Makes the spine flexible, improves digestions, and prevents constipation and menstrual problems.

A word of caution

  1. Please avoid this practice in case of cardiac or back problems, abdominal inflammation, hernia and ulcers, high myopia, vertigo and during pregnancy.
  2. Those with vertebral and disc disorders should also avoid this practice.


IV. Ardha Chakrāsana (The Half Wheel Posture)

Ardha means half. C̣hakra means wheel. In this posture, as the body takes the shape of a half wheel, hence it is called Ardha C̣hakrāsasna.

Technique

  1. Support the back at the waist with all the fingers together pointing forward or downward.
  2. Drop the head backwards and stretching the neck muscles. As you inhale, bend backwards from the lumbar region; exhale and relax.
  3. Stay here for 10-30 seconds with normal breathing.
  4. Inhale and slowly come up.

Benefits

  1. Ardha C̣hakrāsana makes the spine flexible and strengthens the spinal nerves.
  2. Strengthens the neck muscles and improves breathing capacity.
  3. Helps in cervical spondylitis.

A word of caution

  1. Avoid this posture in case of vertigo or a tendency to giddiness.
  2. Hypertensive patients shall bend with care.


V. Trikoṇāsana (The Triangle Posture)

Trikoṇa means triangle. Tri means three and kona is an angle. As the āsana resembles three arms triangles made by the trunk and the limbs, it has been named Trikoṇāsana.

Technique

  1. Stand with your feet comfortably apart.
  2. Slowly raise both the arms sideways till they are horizontal.
  3. Exhale slowly bend to the right side and place the right hand just behind the right foot.
  4. The left arm is straight up, in line with the right arm.
  5. Turn the left palm forward.
  6. Turn your head and gaze at the tip of the left middle finger
  7. Remain in the posture for 10-30 seconds with normal breathing.
  8. As you inhale slowly come up.
  9. Repeat for the left side.

Benefits

  1. Prevents flat foot.
  2. Strengthens calf, thigh and waist muscles.
  3. Makes the spine flexible, improves lungs capacity.

A word of caution

  1. Avoid this posture in case of slipped disc, sciatica, and after undergoing abdominal surgery.
  2. Do not do beyond limits and overdo the lateral stretch.
  3. If one cannot touch the feet, one can reach for the knees instead.


b. Sitting Postures

I. Bhadrāsana (The Firm/ Auspicious Posture)

  1. Bhadhra means firm or auspicious.
  2. Sthiti: Long sitting posture (Viṣrāmāsana)

Technique

  1. Sit erect with the legs stretched out straight in the front.
  2. Keep the hands beside the hips. This is Dandāsana.

Now put the soles of your feet together.

Exhale and clasp your hands together over your toes. Pull your heels as close as

possible up to perineum region.

If your thighs are not touching or are not close to the floor, place a soft cushion underneath the knees for support. This is the final position.

Stay here for some time

Benefits

  1. Keeps the body firm and stabilize the mind.
  2. Keeps the knees and hip joints healthy.
  3. Helps to relieve knee pain.
  4. Acts on the abdominal organs and releases any tension in the abdomen.
  5. Benefits women by relieving abdominal pain often experienced during menstruation.

A word of caution

Avoid this practice in case of severe arthritis and sciatica.



II. Ardha Usṭṛāsana (The Half Camel Posture)

Sthiti: Long sitting posture (Viṣrāmāsana)

Usṭṛa means camel. The final version of this āsana resembles the hump of a camel. In this version, only the first stage (half) of the āsana is being practiced.

Technique

  1. Sit in Viṣrmsana.
  2. Come to Dandāsana.
  3. Fold your legs and sit on your heels.
  4. Keep the thighs close and big toes touching.
  5. Place the hands on the knees.
  6. The head and back should be straight.
  7. This is Vajrāsana.
  8. Stand on your knees.
  9. Place the hands on the waist with fingers pointing downward.
  10. Keep the elbows and shoulders parallel.
  11. Bend the head back and stretch the neck muscles; inhale and bend the trunk backwards as much as possible. As you exhale, relax.
  12. Keep the thighs perpendicular to the ground.
  13. Remain in the posture for 10-30 seconds with normal breathing.
  14. Return with inhalation; sit in Vajrāsana.
  15. Relax

Note

If you can reach the heels, you can place your hands on them and bend backwards. This is called Uṣtrāsana.

Benefits

  1. Relieves constipation and back pain.
  2. Increases blood circulation to the head and cardiac region.

A word of caution

In case of hernia and abdominal injuries, arthritis, vertigo and pregnancy, please avoid doing this āsana.



III. Śaśānkāsana (The Hare Posture)

Śaśaṇka means hare.

Sthiti: Vajrāsana

Technique

  1. Sit in Vajrāsana.
  2. Spread both the knees wide apart, keep the big toes touching.
  3. Keep the palms between the knees.
  4. Exhale and slowly stretch them full length.
  5. Bend forward and place the chin on the ground.
  6. Keep the arms parallel.
  7. Look in front and maintain the posture.
  8. Inhale and come up.
  9. Exhale and come back to Vajrāsan.
  10. Stretch your legs back to Viṣrāmāsan

Benefits

  1. It helps to reduce stress, anger etc
  2. It tones up reproductive organs, relieves constipation, improves digestion and relieves back pain.

A word of caution

  1. Please avoid this posture in case of acute backache.
  2. Patients with osteoarthritis of the knees should exercise with caution or avoid Vajrāsana.


IV. Vakrāsana (The Spinal Twist Posture)

Vakra means twisted. In this āsana, the spine is twisted which has a rejuvenating effect on its functioning.

Sthiti: Dandāsana

Technique

  1. Bend the right leg and place the right foot beside the left knee.
  2. As you exhale, twist the body to the right.
  3. Bring the left arm around the right knee and clasp the right big toe or place the palm beside right foot.
  4. Take the right arm back and keep the palm on the ground with the back straight.
  5. Remain in the posture for 10-30 seconds with normal breathing and relax.
  6. Take out your hands with exhalation and relax
  7. Repeat the same on the other side.

Benefits

  1. Increases flexibility of the spine.
  2. Helps to overcome constipation, dyspepsia.
  3. Stimulates pancreas and helps in the management of diabetes.

A word of caution

Please avoid this posture in case of severe back pain, vertebral and disc disorders, after abdominal surgery and during menstruation.



c. Prone Postures

I. Bhujangāsana (The Cobra Posture)

Bhujanga means snake or cobra. In this āsana, the body is raised like hood of a snake.

Stithi: Prone posture or Makarāsana

Technique

  1. Lie down on your stomach, rest you head on your hands and relax the body.
  2. Now join your legs and stretch your arms.
  3. Keep the forehead on the ground.
  4. Now place your hands just beside the body; keep palms and elbows on the ground.
  5. As you inhale slowly, lift the chin and chest come up to navel region.
  6. Stay there comfortably.
  7. This is called Sarala Bhujangāsana.
  8. Now come back and place your forehead on the ground.
  9. Keep your palms besides the chest where your elbows were and raise the elbows.
  10. Inhale; slowly lift the chin and chest up to navel region.
  11. This is Bhujangāsana.
  12. Exhale, rest your forehead on the ground and place your palms and rest your head on the palms and spread your legs and relax.

Note:

Keep the legs firm so that no load or strain is felt on the lumbar spine.

Benefits

  1. This āsana is best for stress management.
  2. It reduces abdominal fat and alleviates constipation.
  3. It also helps to remove backache and bronchial problems.

A word of caution

  1. Those who have undergone abdominal surgery should avoid this asana for 2-3 months.
  2. Those who suffer from hernia, ulcers should not practice this asana.


II. Śalabhāsana (The Locust Posture)

Śalaba means a locust.

Sthiti: Prone posture; Makarāsana

Technique

  1. Lie down on your stomach in Makarāsana.
  2. Rest the chin on the floor; keep both hands beside the body; palms facing upwards
  3. Inhale raise the legs off the floor as much as you can without bending the knees.
  4. Extend the arms and legs well to ease the lift of the body off the floor.
  5. Stay in this position for 10-20 seconds breathing normally.
  6. Exhale bring the legs down towards the floor.
  7. Rest for a few seconds in Makarāsana.

Note:

Pull up the knee caps and squeeze the buttocks to improve the posture. This āsana is more beneficial when performed after Bhujangāsana

Benefits

  1. Helps in sciatica and lower backache.
  2. Tones the hip muscles and those in the kidney region.
  3. Reduces fat on the thighs and buttocks; good in weight management
  4. Helps the abdominal organs aiding digestion

A word of caution

  1. Cardiac patients should avoid this posture. Please proceed cautiously in case of sever lower back pain.
  2. People with high blood pressure, peptic ulcers and hernia should also avoid this posture.

III. Makarāsana (The Crocodile Posture)

In Sanskrit, Makara means crocodile. In this āsana, the body resembles a crocodile.

Sthiti: Prone relaxation posture

Technique

  1. Lie down on your stomach with the feet wide apart, feet pointing outward.
  2. Bend both the arms and place the right hand on the left hand.
  3. Place the forehead on your hands.
  4. Keep the eyes closed. This is Makarāsana.
  5. This asana is practiced for relaxation in all prone postures.

Benefits

  1. Promotes relaxation of the lower back.
  2. Helps in recovery of back problems.
  3. Indicated for all orthopaedic ailments.
  4. Indicated to counter stress and anxiety.

A word of caution

Avoid this practice in case of low blood pressure, severe cardiac problems and pregnancy.

d. Supine Postures

I. Śetubandhāsana (The Bridge Posture)

Setubandha means formation of bridge. In this posture, the body is positioned like a bridge, hence the name. This is also called as Cạtusp̣ādāsana.

Sthiti: Supine lying; Śavāsana.

Technique

  1. Bend both the legs at the knees and bring the heels near the buttocks.
  2. Hold both the ankles firmly; keep the knees and feet in one straight line.
  3. Inhale slowly, raise your buttocks and trunk up as much as you can to form bridge.
  4. Remain in this position for 10-30 seconds, with normal breathing.
  5. Exhale slowly return to the original position and relax in Śavāsana.

Note

  1. In the final position, the shoulders and head remain in contact with the floor.
  2. If required, in the final position, you can support your body at the waist with your hands.

Benefits

  1. Relieves depression and anxiety. Strengthens lower back muscles.
  2. Stretches abdominal organs, improves digestion and helps to relieve constipation.

A word of caution

People suffering from ulcers and hernia, and women in advanced stages of pregnancy should not practice this asana.

II. Pavanamuktāsana (The Wind Releasing Posture)

Pavan means wind and mukta means to release or to make free. As the name suggests, this asana is useful in removing wind or flatulence from the stomach and intestines.

Sthiti: Śavāsana

Technique

  1. Lie down flat on the back.
  2. Bend both the knees and bring the thighs to the chest.
  3. Interlock the fingers and clasp the shin below knees.
  4. Exhale rise the head till your chin touches the knees and relax. This is Pavanamuktāsana.
  5. Bring the head back to the ground. While exhaling, lower the legs to the floor.
  6. Rest in Śavāsana

Note

Synchronise your breathing with the leg movement.

While touching the knee with the nose/ forehead, you should be able to feel the lumbar region stretch; keep the eyes closed and focus your attention on the lumbar region.

Benefits

  1. Removes constipation; gives relief from flatulence, decreases the bloating sensation in the abdomen and aids digestion.
  2. Offers deep internal pressure, massage and stretching of the highly complicated network of muscles, ligaments and tendons in the pelvis and waist region.
  3. It tones up the back muscles and spinal nerves.

A word of caution

Please avoid this practice in case of abdominal injuries, hernia, sciatica or severe back pain and during pregnancy.

III. Śavāsana (The Dead Body Posture)

Sava means dead body. The final position in this āsana resembles a dead body.

Sthiti: Supine Relaxation Posture

Technique

  1. Lie down on your back with arms and legs comfortably apart.
  2. Palms facing upward; eyes closed.
  3. Relax the whole body consciously.
  4. Become aware of natural breath and allow it to become rhythmic and slow.
  5. Remain in the position till you feel refresh and relax.

Benefits

  1. Helps to relieve all kinds of tensions and gives rest to both body and mind.
  2. Relaxes the whole psycho-physiological system.
  3. The mind, which is constantly attracted to the outer world, takes a U-turn and moves inwards, thus gradually getting absorbed; as the mind turns quiet and absorbed, the practitioner remains undisturbed by the external environment.
  4. It is found very beneficial in the management of stress and its consequences.

4. Prānạ̄yāma

I. NADIŚODHANA or ANULOMA VILOMA PR ṆĀYĀMA (Alternate Nostril Breathing)

The main characteristic feature of this prānạ̄yāma is alternate breathing through the left and right nostrils without or with retention of breath (kumbhaka).

Sthiti: Any meditative posture.

Technique

  1. Sit in any meditative posture.
  2. Keep the spine and head straight with eyes closed.
  3. Relax the body with few deep breaths.
  4. Keep the left palm on the left knee in Jnāna mudra.
  5. The right hand should be in Nāsāgra mudra.
  6. Place the ring and small fingers on the left nostril; fold the middle and index finger. Place the right thumb on the right nostril;
  7. Breathe in from the left nostril; then close the left nostril with the small and ring fingers and release the thumb from the right nostril; exhale through the right nostril.
  8. Next, inhale through the right nostril.
  9. At the end of inhalation, close the right nostril, open the left nostril and exhale through it.
  10. This complete process is one round of the Nādiśodhana or Anuloma Viloma Prānạ̄ yāma
  11. Repeat 5 rounds.

Ratio and timing

  1. For beginners, the duration of inhalation and exhalation should be equal.
  2. Gradually make 1:2; inhalation: exhalation Breathing
  3. Breath should be slow, steady and controlled. It should not be forced or restricted in any way.

Benefits

  1. The main purpose of this prānạ̄yāma is to purify the principle channels of carrying energy called naid’s; hence nourishes the whole body.
  2. Induces tranquillity and helps to improve concentration
  3. Increases vitality and lowers the level of stress and anxiety
  4. It elevates cough disorders.

II. Bhrāmarī Prānāyāma (BHRĀMARĪ RECAKA)

Bhrāmarī is derived from bhramara which means a black bee. During the practice of this prānāyāma, the sound produced resembles the buzzing of a black bee.

Sthiti: Any meditative posture.

Techniques: 

Type – I

  1. Sit in any meditative posture with eyes closed.
  2. Inhale deeply through the nose.
  3. Exhale slowly in a controlled manner while making a deep, steady humming sound such as that of black bee. This is one round of Bhrāmarī.
  4. Repeat 5 rounds.

Type – II

  1. Sit in any meditative posture with eyes closed.
  2. Inhale deeply through the nose.
  3. Close the eyes with index fingers, mouth with ring and small fingers and ears from respective thumbs as shown in the figure. This is also called Śanmukhi Mudra.
  4. Exhale slowly in a controlled manner while making a deep, steady humming sound such as that of black bee. This is one round of Bhrāmarī.
  5. Repeat 5 rounds.

Benefits

  1. The practice of Bhrāmarī relives stress and helps in alleviating anxiety, anger and hyperactivity.
  2. The resonance effect of humming sound creates a soothing effect on the mind and nervous system.
  3. It is a great tranquiliser; found good in the management of stress related disorders.
  4. It is a useful preparatory prānāyāma for concentration and meditation.

A word of caution

Please avoid this practice in case of nose and ear infections.

III. Kapālabhāti

Sthiti: Any meditative posture eg Suḳāsana/Padmāsana/

Vajrāsana

Technique

  1. Sit in any meditative posture.
  2. Close the eyes and relax the whole body.
  3. Inhale deeply through both nostrils, expand the chest.
  4. Expel the breath with forceful contractions of the abdominal muscles and relax.
  5. Do not strain.
  6. Continue active/forceful exhalation and passive inhalation.
  7. Complete 30 rapid breaths, then take a deep breath and exhale slowly.
  8. This is one round of Kapālabhati.
  9. Each round shall be followed by deep breathing.
  10. Repeat 2 more rounds.

Breathing: Forceful exhalation by contracting the abdominal muscles, without any undue  movements in the chest and shoulder region. Inhalation should be passive throughout the

practice.

Number of rounds: Beginners can practice up to 3 rounds of 20 breaths each. The count and rounds can be increased gradually over a period of time.

Benefits

  1. Kapālabhāti purifies the frontal air sinuses; helps to overcome cough disorders.
  2. It is useful in treating cold, rhinitis, sinusitis, asthma and bronchial infections.
  3. It rejuvenates whole body, and keeps the face young and vibrant.
  4. It balances and strengthens the nervous system and tones up the digestive system.

A word of caution

Please avoid this practice in case of cardiac conditions and giddiness, high blood pressure, vertigo, chronic bleeding in the nose, epilepsy, migraine, stroke, hernia and gastric ulcers.

Note:- The contents for YOGA section has been extracted from Ministry of Ayurveda, Yoga & Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy (AYUSH), Government of India


One comment

  • Victoria Prieta

    October 11, 2021 at 8:29 pm

    Yoga – HealthySpan Wellness
    Wonderfully written, found everything I am looking for in a single page, its like someone wrote this page for me only.
    Thanks a lot

    Reply

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    Bisnode is a company that offers decision support in the form of digital business, marketing and credit information. Founded in 1989, Bisnode is now a Dun & Bradstreet company. Bisnode is present in 19 European countries and has its headquarters in Stockholm, Sweden. Click here to view listing.


    Disclaimer: Content of this website is for information purposes only. Some of the images/videos could be solely for representation purposes. Please note the date of last review or update on all articles and other content. No content on this site or on any of HealthySpan’s social media handles, regardless of date, including but not limited to, live fitness sessions etc., should ever be used as a substitute for direct medical advice from your doctor, other qualified clinician or a certified fitness trainer. HealthySpan Wellness does not claim to treat any disease nor does it claim that any organic nutrition or any other aspects narrated can do so. Appropriate lifestyle habit modifications are not a substitute for medical treatment. However, HealthySpan Wellness believes lifestyle disorders viz. obesity or other obesity-related disorders can be effectively managed by positive changes to lifestyle habits, viz., diet, nutrition, exercise, sleep, developing a positive mental attitude. No one can guarantee different individuals will have same results. Individual experiences with the wellness programs may vary. Please read ‘Terms and conditions of use’ and ‘Privacy policy’ for further information.

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    Lifestyle disorders are in epidemic proportions now. It is time, we recognize this monster we are up against as a society and take some manifest and decisive actions. This monster affects us all - prematurely in many cases, shortening healthy life span & productivity. Many of us are, living long –long life attributable to significant strides made in modern medicine. However, for many, the years in the long life are devoid of optimal health. At HealthySpan Wellness, we are resolute in our determination to confront this menace through our holistic wellness programs such as healthy weight loss program, that provide assistance in fighting such lifestyle disorders.

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